Canada Leaf


Counselling Associations

Professional Bodies, National Associations (e.g. Mental Health, School, Guidance, Addiction, Faith-based etc.) and Accrediting Organisations

Background & Context

Counseling as a Canadian profession strengthened in the 1950s and 1960s as Canadian universities began offering formal training programs in school counseling. During this same time period, national associations for counselors and psychologists were gaining membership. The Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association was established in 1965 as a multidisciplinary and bilingual association devoted to the counselling profession, and since then multiple organizations devoted to more specific areas of practice have been established. In the middle of the 20th century, counselling practice was more associated with education and vocational placement, while psychotherapy was associated with the treatment of mental health and psychiatric conditions. Currently, the two professions have a significant overlap in their scopes of practice and are virtually indistinguishable.  

Practice Settings

Counselling services in Canada are available in settings such as:

  • Online tele-counselling
  • University counselling centers
  • Private Practices
  • Government centers
  • Marriage and family counselling centers
  • Schools

Current Regulatory Status / Level of Recognition:

Professional licensure is based on provincial requirements in graduate-level education and training.

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