IAC Member Associations & Organizations
Asociación de Counselling Humanista Española (ACHE) | email@example.com
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IAC Education Institute Members
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Additional Education Institutes
Universidad de Murcia
- Programme Types: Máster Universitario en Orientación, Asesoramiento y Mediación Familiar
Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona
- Programme Types: Abschlusszertifikat für den Kurs
Universidad de Cantabria
- Programme Types: Máster universitario en iniciación a la investigación en salud mental
Universidad de Almería
- Programme Types: Sex Counselling ist ein Modul im “Máster en Ciencias de la Sexologia”
Universidad de Córdoba
- Programme Types: Máster en psicología aplicada a la educación y el bienestar social
Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
- Programme Types: Máster Universitario en Intervención y Mediación Familiar, Social y Comunitaria
IAC Member Centres/Group Practices
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In Spain, the field of counselling is not an independent field. Psychology, on the other hand, has a long history. It was taught at universities in Spain as a branch of philosophy until the 20th century. The cities of Madrid and Barcelona played a major role. Here, psychology was studied both inside and outside the universities and established itself as an applied science. The two cities differed in their psychological focus. While Madrid was primarily concerned with the influence of pedagogy and philosophy, Barcelona was more experimental in terms of natural science. (cf. Erb 2005, p.63ff.). In 1918, the Institute for Vocational Guidance was founded in Barcelona. Here, young people were examined psychologically, socially and medically and assigned to an occupational group accordingly. (cf. ibid. p.103).
Over time, psychotherapy was shaped by many influences. In the 1920s by psychoanalysis, phenomenological psychology and psychiatry in the 1950s, the person-centered approach in the 1970s, and Gestalt therapy in the 1980s and cognitive therapy in the 2000s. (cf. Marín-Martín/Prieto 2015, p.211) Many different directions of psychology, chairs, institutes, journals, professional associations, and societies developed. (cf. Erb 2005, p.255)
In 1991 psychotherapy was recognized as a service in clinics and psychiatric institutions. (cf. Cohen 2002, p.19).
In Spain there is no psychotherapist law, so psychotherapy is not regulated by law. (cf. ibid., p.18) However, the title of psychologist and clinical psychologist is protected by law. The title and the authorization to practice the profession are granted by a council in the Ministry of Health. The official councils of psychologists and physicians are responsible for accrediting training programs and organizing certified examinations for psychologists who specialize in clinical psychology. Furthermore, the councils take care of the accreditation of hospitals and centers that accept trainees. (cf. Van Broeck /Lietaer 2008 p. 57f.) Recognition as a psychologist is granted after successful completion of studies and four years of clinical work under supervision. (Cohen) Psychologists who are registered in the professional association can continue their education in private seminars, workshops or summer schools. (cf. Marín-Martín/Prieto 2015, p.211)
Psychotherapy can only be billed to private health insurance companies in rare cases. Statutory health insurers generally do not pay for psychotherapy. (cf. Cohen 2002, p.19).
In Spain, there is no numerus clausus for psychology studies and the chances to enter the labor market are rather low. The rate of unemployed psychologists is therefore very high. There are comparatively many self-employed psychologists in Spain, since citizens usually pay for psychotherapy themselves. (cf. ibid. 18f.)
After thorough research and review of the literature, no indications of further challenges or trends could be found.
For a deeper exploration of the counselling profession in the country, interested readers are recommended to read the following journal & website articles: