All Professional Bodies, National Associations (e.g. Mental Health, School, Guidance, Addiction, Faith-based etc.) and Accrediting Organisations.
Universities and Other Education and Training Institutes
Ilia State University
- University Website: https://iliauni.edu.ge/en/
- Programme Website: https://tinyurl.com/2fxsk8dv
- Programme Types: Bachelor’s Degree in Political Science, Bachelor’s Degree in Sociology, Bachelor of Psychology, Master of Social Psychology, Master of Educational psychology & Master of Clinical psychology.
Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University
- University Website: http://www.tsu.ge/
- Programme Website: https://www.tsu.ge/ge/faculties/psychology/programs/ba_programs/
- Programme Types: Bachelor’s Degree in Psychology
- University Website: https://cu.edu.ge/
- Programme Website: https://cu.edu.ge/ka/schoolss/csh/programs-csh/undergraduate-csh/csh-psych
- Programme Types: Bachelor’s Degree in Psychology, Master of Clinical Psychology & Master of Clinical Art Therapy
Counselling Agencies, Services, Group Practices, Counselling Centres
Georgian Center for Psychosocial and Medical Rehabilitation of Victims of Torture (GCRT)
- Website: http://gcrt.ge/ka/
- Types of therapy: Prolonged Exposure Therapy, CBT, Somatic and more
- Modalities: Individual, Group and Family.
Background & Context
The amount of information regarding the counselling profession and its practices in the Republic of Georgia is extremely limited. However, this paucity of evidence regarding the profession could be traced to a qualitative study conducted by Murphy et al. (2018) on the provision of mental health care services towards internally displaced persons (IDPs) who were affected by the armed conflicts that occurred in the country. In the study, they tabled their findings on the type of mental health providers that existed in Georgia, their respective facilities that they practiced in, as well as the services that they provided – in the table, counsellors were not mentioned at all (Murphy et al., 2018). Murphy et al. (2018) explain that instead, counselling services are often offered in clinical settings by the psychiatrists, psychologists, and psychotherapists who work in these centers.
In the same vein, the country also has limited human resource capacity for its mental health field despite the growing burden of mental illnesses faced by its civilians (Murphy et al., 2018). According to various researchers (Steel et al., 2009; Porter & Haslam, 2005; Sabes-Figuera et. al, 2012; all as cited in Murphy et al., 2018), low-and-middle-income countries (LMICs) such as Georgia would find it extremely challenging to solidify its mental healthcare system especially if the countries are currently facing internal armed conflicts.
Currently, there are only a few centres that are dedicated as mental health services for the public (see no.3). As a whole counselling as a profession is massively underrated in Georgia and there are no reliable statistics on the amount of counsellors that are active in the country as well as number of mental health services that are up to date.
Current Regulatory Status / Level of Recognition:
There are no bodies regulating the counselling practices in the country. Georgia has no standardized regulations for the practices that are available; most therapists that are practicing in the country have gotten their training in other countries to get recognized. According to Gvedashvili (2011), there was a brief word by the Director of Union Sapari Nato Zazashvili, where he mentions that there are no precise statistical information regarding anything psychology related, as far as the country goes, there is no priority on mental health, “therefore there are no instruments for gathering precise information on it and no mechanisms to cultivate them” (Gvedashvili, 2011, para. 5).
It is not clear how many counsellors exist in Georgia. According to WHO (2011), there are 6.87 health professionals working in the mental health sector per 100,000 population which are made up by psychiatrists. Psychiatrists and other mental health workers work in a variety of settings including:
- Mental health outpatient facilities
- Day treatment facilities
- Community residential facilities
- Mental hospitals
- Neurorehabilitation center
- Mental health clinics
Challenges & Trends
Georgia has numerous challenges when it comes to the improvement of the mental health sector in the country. Gvedashvili (2011) illustrates a conversation taking place over the phone regarding how “the Georgian Health Ministry has no statistics or programs related to suicide” (Gvedashvili, 2001, para. 17) . Like most countries, mental health stigma is unfortunately present in Georgian communities. The function and the role of men are changing in the modern society; this lowers their self-esteem. It is incredibly important to create suicide prevention programs. There should be suicide prevention programs in the public health sphere. Unfortunately, no NGO has such a program. It is evident that Georgia’s suicide issue needs a thorough policy and plans to curb it at the current level and increase the overall mental health of its citizens.
Additional Information & References
For a deeper exploration of the counselling profession in the country, interested readers are recommended to read the following journal & website articles:
- Chkonia, E., Nino, O., Morgoshia, S., & Nino, G. (2016). Attitude toward mental health in the Republic of Georgia. European Psychiatry, 33(S1), S517. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eurpsy.2016.01.1913
- Gvedashvili, N. (2011). Number of suicides increases in Georgia. Human Rights House Foundation. https://humanrightshouse.org/articles/number-of-suicides-increases-in-georgia/
- Lenz, L. (2015). From neglect to respect: Changing Georgia’s mental health approach. United Nations Development Program. https://www.undp.org/content/undp/en/home/blog/2015/9/15/From-neglect-to-respect-Changing-Georgias-mental-health-approach/
- Murphy, A., Chikovani, I., Uchaneishvili, M., Makhashvili, N., & Roberts, B. (2018). Barriers to mental health care utilization among internally displaced persons in the republic of Georgia: a rapid appraisal study. BMC Health Services Research, 18(1). https://doi:10.1186/s12913-018-3113-y
- Steel, Z., Chey, T., Silove, D., Marnane, C., Bryant, R., & Ommeren, M. (2009). Association of torture and other potentially traumatic events with mental health outcomes among populations exposed to mass conflict and displacement: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of the American Medical Association, 302. 537-49. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2009.1132.
- Porter, M., & Haslam, N. (2005). Predisplacement and postdisplacement factors associated with mental health of refugees and internally displaced persons: A meta-analysis. Journal of the American Medical Association, 294. 602–12. https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/article-abstract/201335
- Sabes-Figuera, R., McCrone, P., Bogic, M., et al. (2012). Long-term impact of war on healthcare costs: an eight-country study. PLoS One,7(1). https://doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0029603
- Sulaberidze, L., Green, S., Chikovani, I., Uchaneishvili, M., & Gotsadze, G. (2018). Barriers to delivering mental health services in Georgia with an economic and financial focus: informing policy and acting on evidence. BMC Health Services Research, 18(1), 0–8. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-018-2912-5
- World Health Organization, & World Health Organization. (2018). Mental Health Atlas 2017 (1st ed., Vol. 1). Geneva, Geneva: World Health Organization.